how to grow psilocybin mushrooms

How to Grow Psilocybin Mushrooms: A Comprehensive Guide

Psilocybin mushrooms, also known as magic mushrooms, have been used for centuries for their psychedelic properties. These mushrooms contain the psychoactive compound psilocybin, which can induce profound spiritual experiences and therapeutic benefits. If you’re interested in growing your own psilocybin mushrooms, this comprehensive guide will provide you with the necessary knowledge and step-by-step instructions to successfully cultivate these fascinating fungi.

Before delving into the process of growing psilocybin mushrooms, it’s important to understand the legal status of these fungi. The legality of psilocybin mushrooms varies from country to country and even within different regions of the same country. In some places, they are classified as illegal substances, while in others, they may be decriminalized or even legal for medical or religious purposes.

It is crucial to research and understand the laws and regulations in your specific location before attempting to grow or consume psilocybin mushrooms. Engaging in illegal activities can have serious consequences, so always prioritize compliance with the law.

Choosing the Right Psilocybin Mushroom Strain

Psilocybin mushrooms come in various strains, each with its own unique characteristics. Some strains are more potent, while others have a milder effect. When selecting a strain to grow, consider factors such as potency, growth conditions, and personal preferences.

Here are a few popular psilocybin mushroom strains:

  • Psilocybe cubensis: This is the most common and widely cultivated strain. It is known for its potency and relatively easy cultivation process.
  • Psilocybe semilanceata: Also known as liberty caps, this strain is native to Europe and is highly potent.
  • Psilocybe cyanescens: Commonly referred to as wavy caps, this strain is known for its high potency and preference for colder climates.

Research each strain thoroughly to determine which one aligns best with your goals and growing conditions.

Creating the Ideal Growing Environment

Psilocybin mushrooms require specific environmental conditions to thrive. Creating the ideal growing environment is crucial for successful cultivation. Here are the key factors to consider:

Temperature and Humidity

Psilocybin mushrooms thrive in temperatures ranging from 70°F to 75°F (21°C to 24°C). Maintaining a consistent temperature within this range is essential for optimal growth. Additionally, mushrooms require high humidity levels, typically around 90%. This can be achieved by using a humidifier or by misting the growing area regularly.


While psilocybin mushrooms do not require direct sunlight, they do need some light to trigger the fruiting process. Indirect light from fluorescent bulbs or natural light filtered through a window is sufficient. Avoid exposing the mushrooms to direct sunlight, as it can cause overheating and drying.

Substrate and Growing Medium

The substrate is the material on which the mycelium, the vegetative part of the fungus, grows. Common substrates for psilocybin mushrooms include brown rice flour, vermiculite, and rye grain. These materials provide the necessary nutrients for the mycelium to thrive.

Prepare the substrate by sterilizing it to eliminate any competing organisms. This can be done by pressure cooking or using a sterilization bag in a microwave. Once sterilized, mix the substrate with the mushroom spores or mycelium and place it in a suitable container.

The Process of Growing Psilocybin Mushrooms

Now that you have a basic understanding of the environmental requirements, it’s time to dive into the step-by-step process of growing psilocybin mushrooms:

Step 1: Inoculation

The first step is to inoculate the substrate with mushroom spores or mycelium. Spores are the reproductive cells of the mushroom, while mycelium is the vegetative part responsible for nutrient absorption.

Using a sterile syringe, inject the spores or mycelium into the substrate. Ensure that the injection sites are evenly distributed throughout the substrate to promote uniform growth.

Step 2: Incubation

After inoculation, the substrate needs to be placed in a clean and dark environment to allow the mycelium to colonize. This process is known as incubation and typically takes 2-4 weeks.

During this period, maintain the ideal temperature and humidity levels. Avoid opening the container frequently, as it can introduce contaminants and disrupt the colonization process.

Step 3: Fruiting

Once the substrate is fully colonized by the mycelium, it is time to initiate the fruiting process. This is when the mushrooms start to develop and mature.

To induce fruiting, the substrate needs a change in environmental conditions. Reduce the temperature slightly to around 65°F (18°C) and increase fresh air exchange. This can be achieved by fanning the growing area or using a small fan.

Continue to maintain high humidity levels by misting the growing area regularly. After a few days, small mushroom pins will start to form. These pins will gradually grow into mature mushrooms over the next 1-2 weeks.

Step 4: Harvesting

Once the mushrooms have reached their full size and the caps have opened, it is time to harvest them. Use clean scissors or a sharp knife to cut the mushrooms at the base of the stem.

Harvest the mushrooms as they mature, as leaving them for too long can result in spore release, reducing the potency of the remaining mushrooms.

Storing and Consuming Psilocybin Mushrooms

Proper storage is essential to maintain the potency and quality of psilocybin mushrooms. After harvesting, thoroughly dry the mushrooms to remove excess moisture. This can be done by placing them on a clean surface or using a food dehydrator.

Once dried, store the mushrooms in an airtight container in a cool and dark place. When stored correctly, psilocybin mushrooms can retain their potency for several months.

When consuming psilocybin mushrooms, it is crucial to start with a low dose and gradually increase if desired. The effects can vary depending on the strain and individual tolerance, so always approach psychedelic experiences with caution and respect.


Growing psilocybin mushrooms can be a rewarding and educational experience. By understanding the legal landscape, choosing the right strain, creating the ideal growing environment

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