Surya Grahan 2023: A Celestial Spectacle in India


A total solar eclipse, also known as Surya Grahan in India, is a rare and awe-inspiring celestial event that captivates millions of people around the world. The next total solar eclipse visible in India is set to occur on April 20, 2023. In this article, we will delve into the significance of a solar eclipse, how to witness it safely, and its cultural and scientific relevance in Indian society.

Understanding Solar Eclipses

A solar eclipse happens when the moon passes between the sun and Earth, blocking out the sun’s light and casting a shadow on Earth. It is a breathtaking natural phenomenon where the moon completely covers the sun, leading to a temporary darkness in the middle of the day.

There are three main types of solar eclipses:

  1. Total Solar Eclipse: When the sun is completely obscured by the moon.
  2. Partial Solar Eclipse: When only a part of the sun is covered by the moon.
  3. Annular Solar Eclipse: When the moon covers the center of the sun, leaving a ring-like appearance around it.

Significance of Solar Eclipses in Indian Culture

In Hindu mythology, eclipses are believed to be caused by the demon Rahu who swallows the sun, causing darkness on Earth. It is said that during a solar eclipse, negative energy prevails, and certain precautions are advised to avoid any harmful effects. Many people in India observe various rituals during the eclipse, such as taking a bath after the eclipse ends and refraining from eating during the eclipse period.

Scientific Importance of Solar Eclipses

From a scientific standpoint, solar eclipses provide valuable opportunities for researchers and astronomers to study the sun’s corona, the outermost layer of the sun’s atmosphere. During a total solar eclipse, the corona becomes visible as a glowing halo around the darkened moon. This offers scientists a unique chance to observe and study the outer layers of the sun that are usually not visible to the naked eye.

How to Safely Observe a Solar Eclipse

It is crucial to remember that looking directly at the sun, even during an eclipse, can cause permanent eye damage. Here are some safe ways to observe a solar eclipse:

  1. Solar Filters: Use specially designed solar filters that can be attached to telescopes, binoculars, or cameras to safely view the eclipse.

  2. Pinhole Projector: Create a simple pinhole projector using cardboard to indirectly view the eclipse. This involves poking a small hole in a piece of cardboard and letting the sunlight pass through it onto a surface, such as another piece of cardboard, to project an image of the eclipse.

  3. Eclipse Glasses: Wear certified eclipse glasses that meet international safety standards. These glasses block out harmful ultraviolet and infrared rays, allowing you to look directly at the sun without damaging your eyes.

The 2023 Solar Eclipse in India

The total solar eclipse on April 20, 2023, will be visible in parts of India, including Mumbai, Bengaluru, and Hyderabad. It is essential to plan ahead and find a suitable location with a clear view of the sky to witness this spectacular event. Weather conditions also play a vital role in viewing an eclipse, so stay updated on the weather forecast for the day of the eclipse.


1. When is the next solar eclipse in India after 2023?
– The next solar eclipse visible in India will occur on October 25, 2022, but it will be an annular eclipse.

2. Can pregnant women observe a solar eclipse in India?
– In Indian culture, it is believed that pregnant women should avoid witnessing a solar eclipse, as it is considered inauspicious for the unborn child. It is advisable to consult with a healthcare professional for guidance.

3. Are there any specific rituals to follow during a solar eclipse in India?
– Some common rituals include taking a bath after the eclipse ends, chanting mantras, and offering prayers to deities. It is advisable to follow traditional practices as per cultural beliefs.

4. Is it safe to take photographs of a solar eclipse with a smartphone camera?
– It is unsafe to directly point a smartphone camera at the sun during an eclipse, as it can damage the camera sensor and the eyes. Use proper solar filters or eclipse glasses for photography.

5. How long does a total solar eclipse typically last in India?
– The duration of a total solar eclipse can vary, but it usually lasts for a few minutes at any given location. It is essential to be prepared in advance to make the most of this fleeting celestial event.

In conclusion, a solar eclipse is a mesmerizing phenomenon that combines scientific wonder with cultural beliefs. As India prepares to witness the total solar eclipse in 2023, it is crucial to appreciate the beauty and significance of this celestial event while ensuring safety and respect for traditional practices. Be sure to make the necessary arrangements to experience this rare spectacle and cherish the memories for years to come.

You may also like

Leave a reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

More in blog